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About Jaipur

Rajasthan's beautiful Pink City Jaipur, was the stronghold of a clan of rulers whose three hill forts and series of palaces in the city are important attractions. Known as the Pink City because of the colour of the stone used exclusively in the walled city, Jaipur's bazaars sell embroidered leather shoes, blue pottery, tie and dye scarves and other exotic wares. Western Rajasthan itself forms a convenient circuit, in the heart of the Thar desert which has shaped its history, lifestyles and architecture. 

Founded in AD 1727 by Sawai Jaisingh II, Jaipur the capital of Rajasthan is popularly known as the Pink City with broad avenues and spacious gardens. The capital of Rajasthan, Jaipur is steeped in history and culture. Here the past comes alive in magnificent forts and palaces, blushed pink, where once lived the maharajas. The bustling bazaars of Jaipur, famous for Rajasthani jewellery, fabric and shoes, possess a timeless quality and are surely a treasure-trove for the shoppers. This fascinating city with its romantic charm takes you to an epoch of royalty and tradition.

Jaipur has been laid according to the conventional nine-grid pattern that astrologers believe to be lucky, and which has been recommended in the ancient Indian treatise on architecture. Each grid consists of a square, and these have been planned so that, at the heart of the city is the City Palace. Spread around it, in rows, are public buildings, the residences of noblemen, the living and trading quarters of merchants and artisans. Straight, wide roads run through the city, while a high, crenellated wall that forms its defense is pierced with seven gateways that serve as entry points. Today, these walls may be more difficult to spot since the city has grown far beyond its original plan, but they are still there, proof that though Jaipur saw no great siege, it was more than adequately prepared for it.

Jaipur’s architectural planning may have been ancient, but its execution was definitely modern. Best represented by the City Palace complex, it brought together all that was excellent in Rajput and Mughal architecture, creating a new tradition that found wide currency over much of north India. As in the Mughal tradition, the durbar or court areas became much more open, characterised by a series of arched pavilions held on delicately crafted pillars. Ornamentation had always been a part of the state’s architectural heritage, now it became much more opulent. The private wings of the family also extended their entertainment areas. Since defence was no longer a primary concern, larger, more ornamental windows were built to over look the streets or courtyards outside these wings. Gardens were no longer planned within the internal courtyards only, but were added to the external vistas, and water, a basic feature of Mughal palaces and gardens, was utilised in a similar fashion, in canals and fountains.

Jaipur has much to offer visitors — everything from pageants and festivals to extraordinarily clad people, a wealth of handicrafts, a royal legacy of palaces, and sightseeing — that will occupy their time. However, should the visitors simply choose to walk around the streets of the old city instead, they will not regret it. All of Jaipur is an architectural gem, and no scheduled sight seeing can even hope to do justice to this rare city.

Jaipur, a heritage city, and is one of the three important constituents of the ‘Golden triangle’ of Delhi, Agra and Jaipur will soon be a metro city, Jaipurites are seeing the city progressing as a pace and scale which was hitherto, unimagined, with the widening and improvement of roads cleaniness of the city, removal of encroachments, beautification of the city by landscaping tree plantation, development of gardens and parks and water parks provision of parking facilities, added facilities of the international airport and construction of a number of fly overs and bridges” Not only the developments which are taken towards infrastructure but also Jaipur became home to many IT organizations like CMC, STG, IBM, NIIT, System, ET&T, Tata Infotech, Aptech and so on.

In addition to these, many professional colleges (Medical & Engineering) have been started and functioning smoothly and also highly reputed coaching centers like Bansal, Daswani, e-gurucool, career point etc prepare student of the JEE, IIT, CPMT, PET & PMT. Jaipur has the reputation as an educational center and have some of the country's best schools like St Xaviers, MGD and SMS. Jaipur also boast of a rich cultural and heritage and is known for its peaceful environment.

Transportation

  • Air : Indian  Airlines connect Jaipur with Delhi, Jodhpur, Udaipur, Aurangabad, Bombay, Varanasi,  Calcutta, Ahmedabad.

  • Rail: Jaipur is  connected by rail with Delhi, Agra, Ahmedabad, Ajmer, Abu Road (Mount Abu), Udaipur,  Bombay and Sawai Madhopur. 

  • Road: Good  motorable roads connect Jaipur with Delhi 258 km, Agra 236 km, Bikaner 321 km, Udaipur 405  km, Ajmer 131 km, Jodhpur 316 km, Bharatpur  176 km, Jaisalmer 638 km and Bombay 1202  km

  • Bus : Regular  buses ply from Jaipur to the above places and Alwar, Kota, Sariska, Mathura, Indore,  Chittorgarh and Barmer.
Jaipur General Information
Population 23, 24, 319 (2001)
Area 23.3 sq. km. approx
Altitude 431 m (above sea level)
Temperature

Summer Average Max 40.6°C, Average Min. 25.8°C

Winter Average Max. 22.0°C Average Min 8.3°C

Rainfall 64 cm
Season September to March
Clothing Summer - Tropical, Winter - Woolen
Languages Hindi, Rajasthani & English
Major Tourist Attractions Amber Fort, Hawa Mahal, Central Museum, Jaigarh Fort, Jantar Mantar,Nahargarh Fort, City Palace, Kanak Valley, Laxmi Narayan Temple, Rambagh Palace, Sisodia Rani Ka Bagh
Important Festivals Gangaur Festival, Kite Festival, Teej Festival, Elephant Festival, Pushkar Fair